Islamic Articles

Equality and Social Justice in Surah Al-Waqiah

Equality and Social Justice

Table of Contents


Surah Al-Waqiah, the 56th chapter of the Quran, addresses various aspects of life, including matters of equality and social justice. It emphasizes the importance of fairness, impartiality, and the equitable distribution of resources among individuals. This article explores the teachings of Surah Al-Waqiah regarding equality and social justice, highlighting their significance and relevance in today’s world.

Equal Accountability before God

Surah Al-Waqiah establishes the fundamental principle of equal accountability before God. It states that all individuals, regardless of their social status, will stand before God on the Day of Judgment as equals. This notion challenges the societal hierarchies and inequalities prevalent in human societies and reminds people that their true worth lies in their piety and deeds, not in their worldly possessions or social positions.

Economic Equality and the Distribution of Wealth

Surah Al-Waqiah emphasizes the equitable distribution of wealth and resources. It underscores that sustenance and provisions are granted by God and should be shared fairly among all members of society. The chapter encourages individuals to use their wealth and resources to help the less fortunate, promoting a sense of solidarity and social responsibility.

Elimination of Exploitation

One of the key messages in Surah Al-Waqiah is the condemnation of exploitative practices. It highlights the importance of fair business transactions, prohibiting unjust practices such as hoarding wealth, engaging in fraudulent activities, and manipulating prices. The chapter promotes ethical conduct in economic matters, aiming to create an environment that fosters social justice and economic stability.

Equal Opportunities and Social Mobility

Surah Al-Waqiah acknowledges that different individuals possess varying levels of resources and abilities. However, it emphasizes that equal opportunities should be provided to all, irrespective of their backgrounds. The chapter encourages individuals to make the best use of their talents and abilities, reminding them that success is determined by their efforts and righteousness, not by their social or economic status.

Care for the Vulnerable and Marginalized

Surah Al-Waqiah places a strong emphasis on caring for the vulnerable and marginalized members of society. It advocates for the rights of orphans, widows, and the poor, urging believers to extend their support and assistance. This teaching promotes empathy, compassion, and the establishment of social systems that protect and uplift those in need.


Surah Al-Waqiah offers profound insights into the principles of equality and social justice. It presents a comprehensive framework for individuals and societies to strive for fairness, impartiality, and compassion. The chapter’s teachings transcend time and are relevant today, serving as a guide to address the pressing issues of inequality, exploitation, and marginalization in the modern world. By embracing the principles outlined in Surah Al-Waqiah, societies can work towards building a more equitable and just world for all individuals, regardless of their backgrounds or circumstances.

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