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How to Perform Eid-ul-Fitr? | 2023

Celebrating Eid-ul-Fitr: A Journey of Faith and Joy

How to Perform Eid-ul-Fitr?

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Eid-ul-Fitr, also known as the “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” is one of the most significant religious holidays celebrated by Muslims around the world. This joyous occasion marks the end of Ramadan, a month of fasting, prayer, and reflection. As the crescent moon ushers in the new Islamic month of Shawwal, Muslims come together to celebrate their spiritual achievements and express gratitude for the strength and guidance received during Ramadan. In this article, we will explore the various facets of performing Eid-ul-Fitr and the customs that make this celebration truly special.

How to Perform Eid-ul-Fitr?

Step 1:Cleanse yourself

Before performing Eid Namaz, it is important to make sure that you are in a state of purity. This involves performing Wudu (ablution), which includes washing your hands, face, arms, and feet. If you have not already done so, find a clean and quiet place to perform your Wudu.Applying perfume or fragrance before leaving for the Eid prayer signifies an intention to present oneself in the best possible manner before Allah.

Step 2: Wearing New Clothes

Wear clean and modest clothing that covers your body. Men usually wear traditional Islamic attire such as a Kurta or Thobe, while women usually wear a modest dress or Abaya. It is important to dress respectfully and modestly, as Eid Namaz is a sacred occasion.

Step 3: Giving Zakat al-Fitr

Zakat al-Fitr, a form of charity, is obligatory on every Muslim, providing an opportunity to help those in need and purify one’s wealth. It should be given before the Eid prayer to ensure its distribution to the deserving before the celebrations.

Step 4: Find a place to perform the prayer

Find a mosque or open space where Eid Namaz is being held. If there is no mosque nearby, you can also perform the prayer at home with your family. However, it is recommended to perform the prayer in a group if possible, as this is more in line with Islamic tradition.

Step 5: Begin the prayer

Once the prayer starts, stand shoulder to shoulder with the other worshippers, and follow the Imam’s lead. The Eid Namaz consists of two Rakats, and it includes six Takbeers. The Takbeers are recited after the Imam says the opening Takbeer (Allahu Akbar). After each Takbeer, the worshippers raise their hands and then bring them back to their sides.

Step 6: Recite the Surah Al-Fatiha and Another Surah

After the Takbeers, recite the Surah Al-Fatiha and another Surah from the Quran. The Imam will lead this recitation, and you should follow his lead.

Step 7: Bow Down for Ruku

After the recitation, bow down for Ruku by placing your hands on your knees and bending your back. Stay in this position for a few seconds while reciting “SubhanAllah” three times.

Step 8: Stand Up Straight

Stand up straight and recite “Sami Allahu liman hamidah” while raising your hands. Then, recite “Rabbana lakal hamd” while placing your hands on your chest.

Step 9: Prostrate for Sujood

Prostrate for Sujood by placing your forehead on the ground, along with your nose, palms, knees, and toes. Stay in this position for a few seconds while reciting “SubhanAllah” three times.

Step 10: Sit for Tashahhud

Sit down on your left foot with your right foot upright and recite the Tashahhud. This is a declaration of faith, and it is recited while pointing your index finger towards the Qiblah.

Step11: Salam and Finish the Prayer

Finally, end the prayer by turning your face to the right and saying “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” and then to the left and repeating the same words. This signifies the end of the prayer.

Step12: Listen to the sermon

After the prayer, the Imam delivers a sermon, where he reminds the worshippers of their religious obligations and encourages them to continue their good deeds after Ramadan. It is important to pay attention to the sermon and take note of the lessons that are being taught.

Step13: Preparing a Special Meal

Eid-ul-Fitr is known for its delicious feasts, often starting with dates and water as a sunnah (tradition of the Prophet). Preparing special dishes and sharing them with family and friends symbolizes abundance and gratitude.

Step14: Exchange greetings

After the sermon, exchange Eid greetings with your family and other worshippers. You can say “Eid Mubarak” or “Blessed Eid” to wish them a happy and prosperous Eid. This is a time of joy and celebration, and it is important to share your happiness with others.

Step15: Give gifts

It is also customary to give gifts to family, friends, and those in need during Eid al-Fitr. This is a way to spread happiness and love during this festive occasion. You can give money, food, or other gifts to those who are less fortunate, as a way of expressing gratitude for the blessings that you have received.


Eid-ul-Fitr is a celebration that encapsulates the essence of Islam – faith, compassion, unity, and gratitude. It is a time for Muslims to come together as a global community, reaffirm their spiritual commitment, and celebrate the blessings bestowed upon them. From the spiritual preparations leading up to the festival, the joyous prayers, the acts of charity, to the vibrant gatherings, Eid-ul-Fitr is a time of profound significance and festivity. As Muslims worldwide come together to celebrate, they are reminded of the power of faith and the importance of sharing their blessings with others.


What is ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’?

Eid-ul-Fitr, also known as “Eid” or “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” is a significant Islamic holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of Ramadan, a month of fasting, prayer, and reflection.

When is Eid-ul-Fitr celebrated?

Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The exact date varies each year based on the sighting of the crescent moon.

How do Muslims prepare for Eid-ul-Fitr?

Leading up to Eid, Muslims engage in heightened spiritual activities, including increased prayers, recitation of the Quran, and acts of charity. They also seek forgiveness and reflect on their actions during Ramadan.

What is Zakat-ul-Fitr?

Zakat-ul-Fitr, also known as “Fitrana,” is a mandatory form of charity given by Muslims before the Eid prayer. It is intended to purify one’s fasting and provide for those in need so they can also partake in the festivities.

What is the significance of the Eid prayer?

The Eid prayer, called “Salat al-Eid,” is a congregational prayer held in open spaces or mosques. It consists of two rakats and serves as a symbol of gratitude, unity, and the end of Ramadan.

How do Muslims dress for Eid-ul-Fitr?

It’s a tradition to wear new or one’s finest clothes on Eid-ul-Fitr. Muslims dress in their best attire to reflect the joy and gratitude of the occasion. Traditional clothing and cultural attires are also popular choices.

How are Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations shared with the community?

Eid-ul-Fitr is a time of communal gatherings. Muslims visit friends, family, and neighbors to exchange greetings and gifts. Sharing meals and engaging in acts of kindness reinforce the sense of unity and goodwill.

What role does food play in Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations?

Special dishes and sweets are prepared for Eid-ul-Fitr, reflecting the festive spirit. Families and friends come together to share meals, reinforcing the sense of togetherness and celebration.

What is the significance of seeking forgiveness during Eid-ul-Fitr?

Eid-ul-Fitr is a time for Muslims to seek forgiveness from Allah and from those they may have wronged. This practice promotes reconciliation, healing, and fostering stronger relationships.

Can non-Muslims participate in Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations?

Absolutely. Eid-ul-Fitr is a celebration of faith and unity, and many Muslims welcome non-Muslim friends and neighbors to share in the festivities. It’s an opportunity to learn about different cultures and traditions.

How long do Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations last?

Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations typically last for one to three days, depending on cultural and regional variations. During this time, Muslims continue to gather, share meals, and express gratitude.

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