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What Were the Historic Events of Musa on 10 Muharram?

Musa's 10 Muharram Triumph and the Enigmatic Parting of the Red Sea

Introduction of Musa on 10 Muharram

The 10th day of Muharram holds significant historical and religious importance for Muslims around the world. It marks the day of Ashura, which is observed to commemorate numerous pivotal events throughout history. Among these events, the story of Musa (Moses) and the escape of the Israelites from Pharaoh’s tyranny stands out as a remarkable tale of faith, courage, and divine intervention. In this article, we will delve into the story of Musa on 10 Muharram, exploring the key events that took place and their enduring impact on Islamic tradition.

The Story of Musa on 10 Muharram

According to Islamic tradition, on the 10th day of Muharram, Musa and his followers faced a dire situation in Egypt under the oppressive rule of Pharaoh. The story begins with the Prophet Musa, who was chosen by Allah to deliver His message to the people of Israel and lead them towards righteousness and freedom. He was known for his eloquence, strength of character, and unwavering faith in God.

The Israelites had been subjected to brutal oppression by Pharaoh and his forces for many years. They were forced into hard labor, endured severe punishments, and were denied their basic human rights. However, Musa remained steadfast in his mission to guide his people out of bondage and towards the path of righteousness.

The Divine Miracle: The Evidence

On the fateful day of 10 Muharram, as Musa and his followers tried to escape the tyranny of Pharaoh’s army, they found themselves trapped between the vast expanse of the Red Sea and the approaching soldiers. With no apparent means of escape, the situation seemed dire and hopeless.

It is at this crucial moment that the divine intervention occurred. According to Islamic tradition, Allah commanded Musa to strike his staff against the sea. As Musa followed the divine instruction, a miraculous event took place—the Red Sea split into two, forming a dry path in the middle. This allowed the Israelites to cross the sea safely, with the walls of water towering on either side. Witnessing this extraordinary event, they passed through the parted sea, escaping the clutches of Pharaoh’s army.

The Consequence for Pharaoh’s Army

As Pharaoh’s army pursued the Israelites through the parted sea, they remained oblivious to the impending disaster. However, as they reached the middle of the sea, the walls of water came crashing down upon them, leading to the demise of the entire army. The divine retribution befell the tyrants, ensuring the freedom of the Israelites and affirming the power of God’s justice.

The Significance of 10 Muharram in Islamic Tradition

The events of Musa on 10 Muharram hold great significance in Islamic tradition, and the day is observed with deep reverence by Muslims. The parting of the Red Sea and the subsequent destruction of Pharaoh’s army are considered powerful demonstrations of Allah’s divine mercy and justice. The escape of the Israelites from bondage symbolizes the triumph of faith, righteousness, and liberation over tyranny and oppression.

Observance of Ashura in Contemporary Times

The commemoration of Ashura, particularly the events surrounding Musa on 10 Muharram, is observed differently across the Muslim world. For many, it is a day of fasting, reflection, and repentance. Some communities also use the occasion to give to charity, strengthen familial bonds, and engage in acts of kindness and compassion.

However, it’s important to note that Ashura has different meanings and practices for various sects within Islam. For some Shia Muslims, it is a day of mourning, particularly in remembrance of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. This event occurred on the same day in the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE.


The story of Musa on 10 Muharram is a powerful reminder of the importance of faith, perseverance, and the belief in divine intervention. It continues to inspire millions of Muslims worldwide, serving as a symbol of hope and liberation. The observance of Ashura on 10 Muharram fosters unity among the Muslim community and reinforces the values of justice, compassion, and freedom—a timeless message that transcends boundaries and continues to resonate in the hearts of believers.

What is the significance of 10 Muharram in Islamic history?

10 Muharram is a significant date in Islamic history as it marks the day when the Prophet Musa (Moses) and the Israelites were saved from the tyranny of Pharaoh and the crossing of the Red Sea. This event is commonly known as the Parting of the Red Sea.

What is the Parting of the Red Sea event, and how is it related to Musa (Moses)?

The Parting of the Red Sea is a pivotal event in Islamic, Christian, and Jewish traditions. According to the Quran, the Prophet Musa, along with the Israelites, was fleeing Egypt to escape the oppression of Pharaoh. They reached the Red Sea, with the Egyptian army in pursuit. At God’s command, Musa raised his staff, and the sea miraculously parted, creating a dry path for the Israelites to cross safely. Once the Israelites reached the other side, the sea closed, drowning the Egyptian army.

Is there historical evidence for the Parting of the Red Sea?

The Parting of the Red Sea is a religious belief based on faith and accounts found in religious texts like the Quran and the Bible. As such, there is no direct scientific or archaeological evidence to verify the event. However, it holds immense significance for believers and is viewed as a miraculous act by God.

Are there any archaeological findings related to the crossing of the Red Sea by the Israelites?

Some researchers and explorers have tried to identify possible locations of the crossing based on historical accounts and geographical studies. However, no conclusive archaeological evidence has been discovered to date to pinpoint the exact location or confirm the event.

What does the Quran say about the Parting of the Red Sea?

The Quran recounts the story of Musa and the Parting of the Red Sea in several chapters, including Surah Al-Baqarah (2:50-61) and Surah Ash-Shu’ara (26:60-68). The Quran describes the event as a divine miracle, emphasizing the power and mercy of Allah in saving the Israelites from their oppressors.

How do other religious texts, like the Bible, describe the Parting of the Red Sea event?

The Parting of the Red Sea is also documented in the Bible, in the book of Exodus (Exodus 14:21-31). The narrative aligns closely with the Quran’s account, depicting the miraculous parting of the sea to facilitate the escape of the Israelites and their subsequent safety as the sea closed over the Egyptian army.

Why is the Parting of the Red Sea considered a miracle?

The Parting of the Red Sea is regarded as a miracle because it defies natural laws and occurs through divine intervention. It showcases the extraordinary power of God and serves as a testament to His mercy and protection over the believers.

Is there any historical evidence regarding the actual date of the Parting of the Red Sea event on 10 Muharram?

The identification of the exact date for the Parting of the Red Sea event as 10 Muharram is based on Islamic tradition and historical accounts passed down through generations. It holds significance as a sacred day of commemoration and is observed as a day of fasting, reflection, and prayers by Muslims.

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